History of Cannabis
10,000-year History of Marijuana use within the World
8,000+ BCE Using hemp cord in pottery identified at ancient village site going back to over 10,000 years, located in the area of modern day Taiwan. Finding hemp use and cultivation on this date range puts it one of the first and oldest known human agriculture crops. As explained by Richard Hamilton within the 2009 Scientific American article on sustainable agriculture "Modern humans emerged some 250,000 years ago, yet agriculture is a recent invention, no more than 10,000 years ... Agriculture is not natural; it is just a human invention. It is usually the premise of contemporary civilization." This point was also mentioned by Carl Sagan in 1977 while he proposed the possibility that marijuana may have been world's first agricultural crop, ultimately causing the creation of civilization itself (see 1977, below).
6,000 BCE Cannabis seeds and oil used for food in China.
4,000 BCE Textiles created from hemp are used in China and Turkestan.
2,737 BCE First recorded use of cannabis as medicine by Emperor Shen Neng of China.
2,000-800 BCE Bhang (dried cannabis leaves, seeds and stems) is mentioned from the Hindu sacred text Atharvaveda (Science of Charms) as "Sacred Grass", one of the five sacred plants asia. It is utilised by medicinally and ritually as an offering to Shiva.
1,500 BCE Cannabis cultivated in China for food and fiber. Scythians cultivate cannabis and use it to weave fine hemp cloth.
700-600 BCE The Zoroastrian Zendavesta, an old Persian religious text of various hundred volumes refers to bhang because the "good narcotic."
600 BCE Hemp rope appears in southern Russia.
700-300 BCE Scythian tribes leave Cannabis seeds as offerings in royal tombs.
500 BCE Scythian couple die and are buried with two small tents covering containers for burning incense. That come with one tent stick was a decorated leather pouch containing wild Cannabis seeds. This closely matches the stories told through Herodotus. The gravesite, discovered within the late 1940s, what food was in Pazryk, northwest from the Tien Shan Mountains in modern-day Khazakstan. Hemp is introduced into Northern Europe from the Scythians. An urn containing leaves and seeds from the Cannabis plant, unearthed near Berlin, is available and dated to about this time. Using hemp products spread throughout northern Europe.
430 BCE Herodotus reports for ritual and recreation use of Cannabis from the Scythians (Herodotus The Histories 430 B.C. trans. G. Rawlinson).
200 BCE Hemp rope appears in Greece. Chinese Book of Rites mentions hemp fabric.
100 BCE First evidence hemp paper, invented in China.
100-0 BCE The psychotropic properties of Cannabis are mentioned inside the newly compiled herbal Pen Ts'ao Ching.
0-100 CE Construction of Samaritan gold and glass paste stash box for storing hashish, coriander, or salt, buried in Siberian tomb.
23-79 Pliny the Elder's Natural History mentions hemp rope and marijuana's analgesic effects.
47-127 Plutarch mentions Thracians using cannabis as an intoxicant.
70 Dioscorides, a physician in Nero's army, lists medical marijuana in his Pharmacopoeia.
100 Imported hemp rope appears in England.
105 Legend suggests that Ts'ai Lun invents hemp paper in China, 200 years after its actual appearance (see 100 BCE above).
130-200 Greek physician Galen prescribes medical cannabis.
200 First pharmacopoeia in the East lists medicinal marijuana. Chinese surgeon Hua T'o uses marijuana as a possible anesthetic.
300 A little daughter woman in Jerusalem receives medicinal marijuana during childbirth.
570 France queen Arnegunde is buried with hemp cloth.
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